The Miniature Pinscher is a relatively healthy breed, but like any other breed, they do have health conditions that they can be prone to. Responsible breeders do all they can to try and eliminate these conditions from their breeding programs, and eventually the breed itself.
LCPD is a problem of the hip and named after three men who identified the dificulty in chilren's hips in 1910. This disease is caused by impaired blood supply to the femeral head and is normally found in small breeds that weigh less than twenty pounds. The age on onset varies, but it is usually before one year of age with the normal at seven months of age. The cause is unknown, and usually occurs only in one leg.
A Miniature Pinscher that has this disease will usually limp and show pain when the leg is extended or rotated. A positive diagnosis is made through an xray.
Treatment for LCPD is surgerical removal of the femoral head. The best results occur if the surgery is done before arthritis sets in.
This disease is where the patella (or kneecap) pops out of place. Miniature Pinschers can be affected by eight weeks of age.
A dog with this disease can at first show little or no signs. The more severe the disease, the more signs become seen. A dog may lift his leg up and not walk on it for a bit, until the kneecap goes back into place.
Treatment varies, depending on the severity. Mild cases, the treatment is usually crate rest for a couple weeks. In more severe cases, surgery is the recommended treatment.
Hypothyroidism is the most commonly diagnosed hormal disease in dogs. It is where the thyroid does not produce enough of the hormone thyroxin.
Signs of Hypothyroidism include: Lethargy, weight gain, skin problems, hair loss.
Treatment of this condition is done with medication which replaces the thyroxin, bring it back to normal levels within the dogs body.
This is a chronic condition of reoccurant seizures. There are two types of epilepsy: Primary and Secondary.
Primary epilepsy is where there is no known cause for the seizures to occur. It is believed that it is inherited.
Secondary epilepsy can be caused by: low blood sugar, low thyroid function, infections causing brain damage, ingestion of toxins, brain tumors, and vaccines.
Primary epilepsy is diagnosed by ruling out secondary epilepsy.
Treatment of epilepsy is done through medications which control the amount and severity of seizures.
This is a condition where the discs in the spinal cord dry out and cause pain in the Miniature Pinscher.
Symptoms include: Pain, weakness, loss of sensation, tightness of neck muscles, unwillingness to move their neck, unable to lower or lift head to eat.
Diagnosis is made through xrays.
Treatment: Can start off with crate rest, but surgery is often recommended.
This is an inherited disease that causes opacities in the eyes of the Miniature Pinscher. It affects one or more layers of the cornea, and usually affects both eyes.
Diagnosis is done through testing by the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)
Treatment is done through surgical removal of the opacities, but it is usually just a temporary fix to the problem.
in MPS VI certain large sugars (polysaccharides) of the body are not properly broken down. In MPS VI, the deficient enzyme is arlysulfatase B, which is responsible for degrading dermatin sulfate. MPS VI is autosomal recessively inherited and has been seen in cats, humans, and more recently in dogs (including the Miniature Pinscher).
MPS VI results in skeletal deformaties, including defects to the sternum, vertibrae, and particularly the hip joints. To various degrees, they may also experience corneal cloudiness and facial dysmorphia.
Diagnosis is done through a blood test done by PennGen. At this time, there is no effective treatment for this disease.